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By Taff Weinstein at

Home-Buying Demographics

Home Buying Demographics:

Who is driving the super-hot demand in housing right now? The answers are found in the newly published National Association of Realtors 2018 Home Buyer and Seller Generational Trends.

Millennials are now buying more homes than any other group with thirty-six percent of all home purchases were made by that generation over the last year. That makes millennials the most active generation in home buying for the fifth straight year. Gen-Xers ranked second at 26%, followed by younger and older baby boomers at 18% and 14%, respectively. The silent generation – those born between 1925 and 1945 – accounted for 6% of homebuyers over the last year.

Here are some more important statistics from the report:

First-time buyers made up 34 percent of all home buyers, a decrease from last year at 35 percent. Sixty -five percent of buyers 37 years and younger were first -time buyers, followed by buyers 38 to 52 years at 2 4 percent.
Sixty-five percent of recent buyers were married couples, 18 percent were single females, seven percent were single males, and eight percent were unmarried couples. The highest percentage of single female buyers was found in the 72 and older age group. The highest share of unmarried couples were found in the 37 and younger age group.
The most common reasons for recently purchasing a home differed between the generations. For all three groups under the age of 62 years, the main reason for purchasing was the desire to own a home of their own. Among the 63 and older age groups, the desire to be closer to friends and family was the top reason to purchase at 25 percent. Buyers between 72 and 92 years also purchased for the desire for a smaller home at 19 percent.
Overall, buyers expect to live in their homes for a median of 15 years, while 18 percent say that they are never moving. For buyers 37 years and younger, the expected length of time is only 10 years compare to 20 years for buyers 53 to 62 years.

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 4.00 MBS) gained +13 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview: We continued to see sideways movement in long bond yields throughout the month of March as the market is awaiting the first Fed rate hike of the year. Overall, last week had very strong labor market data and both small business and consumers had some of the highest sentiment readings on record. Inflation was tame but above 2.00% on headline CPI.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: January JOLTS (Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey) showed over 6 million vacant jobs....just waiting for the right person (that can pass a drug test, and has experience/skills). This was a much stronger than expected reading (6.312M vs est of 5.890M) and is at a record high.

Consumer Sentiment: The University of Michigan's Consumer Sentiment Index Preliminary March reading hit 102.00 vs est of 99.3 and is one of the hottest readings on record.

Small Business Optimism: The February NFIB index moved higher from January's level of 106.9 to Feb's reading of 107.6. It the 2nd highest level in 45 years!

Inflation Nation: Across the board, the Consumer Price Data matched market expectations with the closely watched YOY headline reading rising to 2.2% in February from 2.1% in Jan. The Core YOY remained at the 1.8% level. Producer Price Data matched also market expectations with the closely watched YOY Headline reading rising to 2.8% in February from 2.7% in Jan. The Core PPI YOY rose from 2.2% to 2.5%.

Atlanta Fed: Their Year ahead inflation expectations rose from 2.0% in February to 2.1% in March. However, their GDPNow forecast model dropped the 1st QTR GDP expectations down to 1.9%. If you recall, this was 5.2% in January, dropped to 4.3% and then 2.5% and now 1.9%.

Manufacturing: The February Industrial Production figures were almost three-times stronger than expected with a 1.1% vs an estimated 0.2% reading. Capacity Utilization was also a beat (78.1 vs est of 77.6). There was strength in mining, business equipment and building supplies.

What to Watch Out For This Week:


By Taff Weinstein at

More Taxes = More Homes For Sale?

More Taxes = More Homes For Sale?

Sounds bizarre but Vancouver, British Columbia is going to try just that.

You see, they have the same problem that we have here in the U.S.A, tight inventory. With inventory levels so low, they have been struggling to find a way to get inventory controlled by "hoarders" back into the market place.

Vancouver is slapping thousands of empty homes with a new tax as part of a government effort to tame the out-of-control Real Estate bubble that just won't quit there and is being closely watched by many U.S. metro markets to see if it works.

Approximately 4.6% or 8,481 homes in Vancouver have stood empty or underutilized for over six months in 2017, down from 10,800 in 2016 according to declarations submitted to the municipality by homeowners. Empty properties will be charged a 1% tax on the assessed value - not much, but with average detached home prices hovering below C$1.8 million, attached units going for C$715K and condominiums at C$571K, 1% is still a large sum of money.

The problem of a hot housing market and tight inventory levels gets even worse as foreign buyers move in which effectively takes a residence out of the market and it sits vacant as thousands of home buyers are scrambling to find a home for sale. According to local sales agents, investors from Hong Kong, Mainland China and other parts of Asia have been acquiring as much as 40% of the units going up for sale and just sitting on them afterwards.

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 4.00 MBS) lost -7 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview: We continue to see very strong economic data with Jobs (ADP Private Payrolls and BLS Non-Farm Payrolls) as well as a very upbeat economic review by the 12 districts of the Federal Reserve. Both of those are providing pressure on mortgage rates. But the resignation of Gary Cohn and the uncertainty of tariffs and a potential trade war is providing support for rates.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: We had Big Jobs Friday! You can read the official BLS report here.
Here is the Tale of the Tape:

Jobs - Non Farm Payrolls:
February 313K vs est. of 200K
January was revised upward from 200K to 239K
December was revised upward from 160K to 175K
The more closely watched rolling 3 month moving average increased to 242K which is very robust.

Wages: Monthly Average Hourly Earnings increased by 0.1% over the prior month. Market was expecting 0.2%.
YOY Average Hourly Earnings increased by 2.6% form this time last year. Market was expecting 2.8%.
The national average hourly rate for private non-farm workers increased to $26.75
Hours Worked picked up by 0.1% to 34.5 which was higher than expectations of 34.4

Unemployment Rate: The February Unemployment Rate hit 4.1% which is the same rate as January. The market was expecting a small improvement to 4.0%.
The Participation Rate had a very rare increase and hit 63.0% vs est. of 62.5%
The February ADP Private Payrolls came in hotter than expected (235K vs est. of 195K), plus January was revised higher from 234K up to 244K (10K).

Productivity: The revised 4th QTR data was revised a little higher. Non-Farm Productivity was revised from -0.1% up to 0.0% and Unit Labor Costs were revised higher from 2.0% to 2.5%.

Geo-Political: President Trump's Senior Economic Advisor Gary Cohn resigned presumably over his objection to the proposed tariffs.

The Talking Fed: On Wednesday we got the Fed's Beige Book. This is prepared specifically to be used in the decision making process during the March Fed policy meeting. It is a compilation of all 12 Fed districts on their views of how each of their fiefdoms are doing economically. You can read the official release HERE.
Overall, the picture is stable growth and concern over impending wage inflation.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Home Prices up 51% from the bottom in 2011

Home Prices up 51% from the bottom in 2011

Home prices across the US have grown 51% since they bottomed out in March 2011, with prices in most markets returning to peak levels after dropping 33% during the recession, according to a new report released by CoreLogic.

The increase in home prices is further evidence that the housing market has more than recovered from housing crisis.

CoreLogic said home prices are now 1% higher compared to their peak in 2006. Additionally, year-over-year gains in home equity averaged $14,888 during the third quarter.

“Homeowners in the United States experienced a run-up in prices from the early 2000s to 2006, and then saw the trend reverse with steady declines through 2011,” CoreLogic Chief Economist Frank Nothaft said. “After reaching bottom in 2011, our national price index is up more than 50%. West Coast states, such as California, Washington, and Oregon, are seeing some of the largest trough-to-current growth rates in home prices. Greater demand and lower supply – as well as booming job markets – have given some of the hardest-hit housing markets a boost in home prices. Yet many are still not back to pre-crash levels.”

Source: Core Logic Special Report

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 4.00 MBS) gained +3 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview: We had a choppy session with a net swing of -66 basis points from the best pricing (lowest rates) to our worst pricing (highest rates) but when the smoke cleared - pricing was basically the same at the end of the week as it was at the beginning of the week. While we did get some big name economic reports (ISM/GDP) and Powell's first testimony in front of Congress, it was the Trump Tariff announcement that caused the most volatility.

Trade Wars: President Trump announced tariffs on steel and aluminum imports today which concerns traders that it will spark a trade war which may provide some headwinds to our growing economy. The White House has yet to release the specifics but "next week" he will put forth his plan on 10% aluminum and 25% on steel.

The Talking Fed: Fed Chair Jerome Powell has his first round of Semi-annual Monetary Policy hearings. Tuesday in front of the House Financial Services Committee and Thursday in front of the Senate Banking Committee. Here are a few of his statements:
- "some of the headwinds the U.S. economy faced in previous years have turned into tailwinds"
- "inflation remains below our 2 percent longer-run objective. In the FOMC's view, further gradual increases in the federal funds rate will best promote attainment of both of our objectives. As always, the path of monetary policy will depend on the economic outlook as informed by incoming data."
- "These interest rate and balance sheet actions reflect the Committee's view that gradually reducing monetary policy accommodation will sustain a strong labor market while fostering a return of inflation to 2 percent."

Overall he did very well in his responses to questions from committee members and kept to the same theme as his prepared remarks. He painted a picture of global growth, tax reform helping the economy, MBS purchases decreasing, concern over the lack of labor slack and was concerned that we might begin to see rising wages "soon".

Personal Income and Outlays: Personal Income increased by 0.4% in January which was a tic higher than expected. Personal Spending matched expectations with a monthly gain of 0.2%. The Fed's key measure of inflation, PCE YOY came in at 1.7% vs est of 1.6%. Core PCE YOY matched forecasts with a 1.5% reading.

Manufacturing: February ISM Manufacturing was the best since 2004 with a 60.8 reading which handily beat out estimates calling for a reading of 58.7. ISM Prices Paid jumped to a 6 1/2 year high (74.2 vs est of 70.5)

GDP: We got the first revision to the 4th QTR GDP and it was revised lower from 2.6% down to 2.5% which is exactly what the market was expecting.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Gradual Increase in Mortgage Rates Unlikely to Hurt Housing Market

Gradual Increase in Mortgage Rates Unlikely to Hurt Housing Market:

With expectations among economists that the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage will approach 5% by the end of 2019, First American Chief Economist Mark Fleming said that their is an increase in market potential which reflects faster economic growth, low unemployment, and continued low mortgage rates. Fleming said it is unlikely that large numbers of home buyers will be dissuaded by a modest increase in mortgage rates.

“There are a variety of reasons why people buy homes that are completely independent of mortgage rates. A gradual rise in mortgage rates won’t change that,” Fleming said.

“Our Potential Home Sales model forecasts what the market potential for home sales should be given current economic, demographic, and housing market environments. Potential home sales, while currently at a level of 6.1 million SAAR, are expected to reach an estimated 6.29 million SAAR by the end of 2019, despite a rising rate environment,” he said. “However, while the yearly growth rate in potential sales is currently at 3.6%, it is expected to slow to just below 1% by the end of 2019."

“When considering the right time to buy or sell a home, an important factor in the decision should be the market’s overall health, which is largely a function of supply and demand. Knowing how close the market is to a healthy level of activity can help consumers determine if it is a good time to buy or sell, and what might happen to the market in the future. That’s difficult to assess when looking at the number of homes sold at a particular point in time without understanding the health of the market at that time,” said Fleming. “Historical context is critically important. Our potential home sales model measures what home sales should be based on the economic, demographic, and housing market environments.”

Source: First American Title Insurance

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 4.00 MBS) lost -2 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview: We had a holiday-shortened week (Monday closed for President's day). There were no major domestic economic releases. We did have three short term Treasury note auctions (2,5 and 7 year) that saw lower than average demand and higher rates. The bond market's only focus was on the Federal Reserve which released the Minutes from their last meeting and their Monetary Policy report.

The Talking Fed: They released the Minutes from the last FOMC meeting, you can read them here.
The Fed is confident that the economy is gaining momentum, as a number of participants said they had marked up their growth forecasts since the previous month, encouraged by firm global growth, supportive financial markets and the potential for US tax cuts to boost the economy more than expected. Still, others said the “upside risks” to growth may have increased, according to minutes of their January gathering. Of note is that FOMC voters agreed to add the word "further'' in front of "gradual increases" because of the stronger economic outlook.

Fed Chair Jerome Powell submitted the Fed Monetary Policy Report along with his prepared speech in written form to Capital Hill on Friday. You can read it here.
It very much followed the same "hawkish" tone and them as this week's FOMC Minutes.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Best Cities for First Time Homebuyers

Best Cities for First Time Homebuyers:

The housing market has recovered from the crisis of 10 years ago like it never even happened. National home prices have surpassed their prior peaks, and homebuyers are faced with bidding wars as inventory is low. These challenges are more onerous for first-time homebuyers who do not have the advantage of another home to sell (that has likely appreciated) to help with funding the down payment for a new home. It’s not all doom and gloom though, and some cities have more favorable conditions for first-time buyers than others.

In a new study, Lending Tree decided to rank the best cities for first-time homebuyers in the nation’s 100 largest cities. The factors that made a housing market favorable were:

Average down payment amount. The big initial pile of cash is something most first-time buyers struggle with and takes years of savings for many.

The share of buyers using an FHA mortgage. Buyers using FHA financing are required to put down as little as 3%, and have higher limits on the debt-to-income ratios. These and other loan features increase the likelihood of being approved for a mortgage while still getting competitive mortgage interest rates.

Average down payment percentage. Lower down payments increase access for first-time buyers. Down payments are one of the main obstacles to home ownership, as many renters can afford the monthly mortgage payment.
Percentage of buyers who have less than prime credit (below 680). First-time buyers often have lower credit scores than repeat buyers so are more competitive in areas without as many prime borrowers.

The share of homes sold that the median income family can afford (Housing Opportunity Index). Many cities have become too expensive for the median family. This measure of affordability in our ranking elevates cities that are still affordable for median income families.

Average FHA down payment as a percentage of average down payment for all loans: The lower down payment for FHA loans is more valuable in some areas than others. This measure of the FHA benefit tells us how much FHA borrowers truly saved on down payments.

Lending Tree ranked the following cities the top 10 most accessible:
Little Rock, Ark.
Birmingham, Ala.
Grand Rapids, Mich.
Youngstown, Ohio
Winston, N.C.
Dayton, Ohio
Scranton, Pa.

Source: Lending Tree

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) gained +9 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview: Mortgage backed securities sold off for much of the week on higher inflationary data (bonds hate inflation) but we got a nice (and temporary) bounce on Friday due to parking over the long holiday weekend with the world's two largest economies shut down (U.S. and China).

Inflation? You bet. The Consumer Price Index readings for January were higher than expected with the Headline YOY CPI hitting 2.1% vs est. of 1.9% which is a big beat. Core (ex food and energy...everything that actually matters) CPI YOY increased by 1.8% vs est. of 1.7%. The Producer Price Index readings for January were double than expected when looking Core PPI MOM (0.4% vs est. of 0.2%). The YOY PPI Headline data hit 2.7% vs est. of 2.5%.

In another inflationary report, Import Prices MOM jumped by 1.0% vs est. of 0.6% and the prior month was doubled from 0.1% to 0.2%. YOY, Import Prices were up by 3.6% vs est. of 3.0%.

Retail Sales: The headline data was disappointing. January was lighter than expected (-0.3% vs est. of +0.2%), plus December was revised lower from 0.4% down to 0.0%. When you strip out Autos, Retail Sales were flat at 0.0% vs est. of a gain of 0.4%.

Taking it to the House: The NAHB Sentiment Index remained at 72 which is an extremely high reading and was not impacted by rising mortgage rate expectations. New Housing Starts in January were much higher than expected with 1.326M vs est. of 1.234M. Building Permits were also stronger than expected (1.396M vs est. of 1.300M). SFR were basically at the same pace as the prior month, the beat was due to a surge in Rental Properties which is not good news for the housing market.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Initial Weekly Jobless Claims matched expectations with a low 230K reading. The more closely watched 4 week moving average is still below 230K with a 228,500 reading.

Philly Fed: Their February Business Outlook Survey jumped to an extremely high reading of 25.8 which handily beat out expectations of 21.1. New orders, at 24.5, are surging and unfilled orders, at 14.5, are piling up fast. Hiring is so far keeping up, at 25.2.

Consumer Sentiment: The Preliminary February University of Michigan's national survey was red hot with a reading of 99.9 vs est. of 95.5. The one year inflation expectations were at 2.7%, the 5 to 10 year outlook was at 2.5%.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Couples Are Out Buying Singles In Homes

Couples able to afford more homes than singles:

A couple with a combined household income of $80,800 could afford 82% of all US homes and would be able to save their down payment in just 5 years.

But for singles, its another story.

An analysis from Zillow calculates that less than half of all US homes are affordable for a single buyer based on a median household income of $34,500. And since they don't have the help of a spouse, it could take up to 11 years to save up enough for a standard down payment.

"Nearly two-thirds of Americans agree that buying a home is a central part of living the American Dream, but for unmarried or un-partnered Americans, that dream is increasingly out of reach," said Zillow senior economist Aaron Terrazas. "Single buyers typically have more limited budgets, which means they are likely competing for lower-priced homes that are in high demand. Having two incomes allows buyers to compete in higher priced tiers where competition is not as stiff."

Source: Zilllow.com

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -11 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move slighter higher for the week.

Overview: We saw very weak demand for our 10 year note and 30 year bond auctions but MBS were mostly pressured (higher rates) due to strong jobs data (45 year low) and hawkish commentary by one of the major central banks. While we did see a temporary spending bill, the overall downward trend of MBS since January 1 (-187 BPS) kept fixed mortgage rates on an upward trend.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Initial Weekly Jobless Claims hit 221K vs est of 232K. The more closely watched 4 week moving average dropped to 224,500 which is A 45 YEAR LOW. The December Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) showed 5.811M jobs that are currently unfilled. The market was expecting 5.9M. November was revised upward from 5.879M to 5.978M. The lack of labor slack continues to be a major problem.

Can Kicked: We had a brief government shut down in the wee hours of the morning but have since rebooted. The Senate passed their pork-laden bill with ease while the house had a mini rebellion of 67 conservatives voting against the bill. It funds the government only until March 23. It added money and time to defense spending and upped the borrowing authority until 2019. Its an awful deal that jacks up our deficit but it keeps the doors open for a little longer.

Great Brittan: Bank of England kept rates unchanged at 0.5%, and QE flat as expected in a unanimous 9-0 vote. But BOE raised its growth forecast and said that the "Committee judges that, were the economy to evolve broadly in line with the February Inflation Report projections, monetary policy would need to be tightened somewhat earlier and by a somewhat greater extent over the forecast period than anticipated at the time of the November Report, in order to return inflation sustainability to the target."

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Home-ownership preferred to renting in 78 out the 100 Largest U.S. Cities

Home-ownership preferred to renting in 78 out the 100 Largest U.S. Cities:

However, 22 out of the largest 100 cities are seeing more renting households. RENTCafé has released their analysis based on American Community Survey archives from the US Census Bureau’s public database. The analysis compared the number of people living in renter and owner-occupied housing units in 2006 and 2016.

The analysis found that the renter population increased by more than 23 million over the period, growing by more than a quarter. Meanwhile, the overall homeowner population increased by less than 700,000 – a virtual standstill compared to the growth in renter population.

Although the US is far from becoming a renter nation, the changes in populations were enough to shift the balance in some of the largest cities that were previously dominated by homeowners. From only 20 out of the 100 largest cities dominated by renters in 2006, there are now 42 such cities.

The analysis found the biggest change in renter share in Toledo, Ohio, where the percentage of renters increased 31.1% over the decade from 38.3% in 2006 to 50.3% in 2016. Memphis, Tenn.; Tampa, Fla.; Hialeah, Fla.; and Stockton, Calif., rounded out of the top five new renter-dominated cities in terms of renter share change.

In other large cities, the renter-homeowner population ratio has changed dramatically, despite the renter population continuing to trail homeowners. The analysis found that all large cities recorded increases in the rentership rate, with only Anchorage, Alaska; Irving, Texas; and Winston-Salem, N.C., posting decreases.

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -102 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move higher for the week.

Overview:  The combination of a more "hawkish" tone from the Federal Reserve and very strong manufacturing, wages and jobs data continued to brighten the economic growth outlook.  Bonds do not perform well in a growing economy and continued their downward trend that we have seen all year which has meant a steady upward march in fixed mortgage rates.

The Talking Fed: The FOMC voted 9-0 to keep their Fed Fund Rate unchanged at 1.25% to 1.50%.
You can read the official statement here.
They had a more noticeably more "hawkish" tone in this statement.  In December they said that inflation would "remain somewhat below 2% in the near term".  That is now "Inflation on a 12 month basis is expected to move up this year".
They also said that:
 - Economy to warrant further gradual increases in rates
 - Market based inflation compensation gauges rose in recent months
 - Gains in employment, spending and investment has been solid.
 - Janet Yellen's last day is Saturday.  Jerome Powell will be sworn in on Monday.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs:
January Non-Farm Payrolls 200K vs est of 180K
December NFP revised upward from 148K to 160K
November NFP revised downward from 252K to 216K
The three month rolling average is now 192K!
Average Hourly Wages YOY hit 2.9% vs est of 2.6% (increase of 0.75 per hour)
Average Hourly Wage MOM 0.3% vs est of 0.3%
Average Hourly Wage is now $26.74
The headline Unemployment Rate remained at 4.1% which matched expectations.
The participation rate remained at 62.7% vs est of 62.8%

Manufacturing: The January ISM Manufacturing data was very strong and beat out expectations handily with a 59.1 vs est of 58.8 reading. But the real story is ISM Prices Paid which shot up to a crazy 72.7 vs est of 68.0. 

The January Chicago PMI was very robust and handily beat out expectations with a reading of 65.7 vs est of 64.1. Keep in mind that ANY reading above 50.0 is expansionary and readings above 60.0 are crazy hot growth. December's block-buster reading of 67.6 was not a fluke or error, in fact it was actually revised even higher to 67.8.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Sales of Existing Homes Hit 11 year High

Sales of Existing Homes Hit 11 year High:

2017 ended up being the best year for existing-home sales in 11 years, according to the National Association of Realtors.

Existing-home sales dropped 3.6% month over month on a seasonally adjusted basis in December as inventory shortages were severe. But even with that decline, sales for all of 2017 were up 1.1% over the prior year, hitting a sales pace of 5.51 million – the highest since 2006.

Lawrence Yun, NAR’s chief economist said “The lack of supply over the past year has been eye-opening and is why, even with strong job creation pushing wages higher, home-price gains – at 5.8% nationally in 2017 – doubled the pace of income growth and were even swifter in several markets.”

Inventory, was tighter than ever and hit a new all-time low. Total US inventory at the end of December was 1.48 million existing homes available for sale – an 11.4% drop from the year before. Unsold inventory is at a 3.2-month supply at the current sales pace – the lowest level since NAR began tracking nearly two decades ago.

The median existing-home price in the US last month was $246,800, a 5.8% spike from December 2016. December of 2017 also marked the 70th consecutive month of year-over-year price gains.

“Existing sales concluded the year on a softer note, but they were guided higher these last 12 months by a multi-year streak of exceptional job growth, which ignited buyer demand,” Yun said. “At the same time, market conditions were far from perfect. New listings struggled to keep up with what was sold very quickly, and buying became less affordable in a large swath of the country. These two factors ultimately muted what should have been a stronger sales pace. … Affordability pressures persisted, and the pool of interested buyers at the end of the year significantly outweighed what was available for sale.”

Source: National Association of Realtors

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -6 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview:  Mortgage Backed Securities remained under pressure as long bond strategists continued to shift their hedges towards higher rates in the near term.  Overall, the week's economic data was strong but not by enough to accelerate the sell off.

Taking it to the House: Weekly Mortgage Applications increased by 4.5% led by Refinance Applications up 6.0%. Purchase Applications rose by 1.0%.

The November FHFA Housing Price Index rose by 0.4% on a MOM basis and is up 6.5% on YOY basis.

Existing Home Sales in December felt severe inventory constraints. Inventories fell by 10.3% to their lowest levels ever on record. The annualized sales pace hit 5.57M which was lower than the expectations of 5.70M but that was not due to lack of demand. It was due to lack of inventory. The median home price rose to $246,800.

Gross Domestic Product:  We got the first look at the 4th QTR GDP, it will be revised several more times but the initial reading of 2.6% is good steady growth. Odds are that by the time the final revision hits, that number will be closer to 2.9%.  Consumer Spending saw a very strong 3.8% increase.  Other highlights were a 14.2% burst in spending on durable goods items.  Residential Investment jumped 11.6% and non-residential fixed investment rose by 6.8%.

Durable Goods Orders for December were much hotter than expected, coming in at 2.9% vs est of only 0.6%.  Plus, November was revised upward from 1.3% to 1.7%.  Aircraft and vehicles saw a nice surge in orders.

What to Watch Out For This Week:


By Taff Weinstein at

Tiny Houses May Become Large in New Homes

Tiny Houses May Become Large in New Homes:

A recent survey showed that 53% of new home buyers would entertain the idea of a tiny home (600 square feet or less) in the future with Gen Xers and Millennials more open to the idea compared to baby boomers and seniors.

This is just one of the gems found in a recent survey by the National Association of Home Builders.

The survey also revealed that 65% of homebuyers do not think conditions (inventory shortages and affordability) will improve in 2018, with 79% of prospective buyers surveyed being able to afford only half of the homes in their markets. A majority of homebuyers believe availability and affordability issues will not ease in 2018, they remain committed to their goal of purchasing a home

Rose Quint, assistant vice president of survey research for the NAHB, said the survey findings show that housing availability and affordability continue to be serious issues.

“These potential buyers see a problem with housing availability,” Quint said. “They know it’s a tough nut to crack, but they are not deterred. They are still planning to buy a house in the next 12 months.”

The NAHB said that although housing starts rose by 9% year over year in 2017, home production was still affected by the lack of affordable, buildable lots and the scarcity of labor. Characteristics of new homes were also essentially unchanged in 2017. NAHB said that home sizes averaged 2,627 square feet in 2017, remaining largely the same as the 2,622-square-feet average size in 2016.
Source: NAHB

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -62 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move higher for the week.

Overview:  We had a holiday-shortened week (Monday closed for MLK Day), that ended with a government shutdown.  In between, long bonds continued their downward decline as bond traders are still at just the very early stages of rotating funds out of their positions in bonds due to the expected economic boost from Tax Reform.

Taking it to the House: New Housing Starts in December missed the mark with 1.192M units (calculated on an annualized basis) vs est of 1.275M. The real housing market is SFR and that came in at 836K which is not bad but off the pace in November. Needs to be consistently above 1M for it to help with our massive inventory shortage. Building Permits were stronger than expected (1.302M vs est of 1.290M). SFR pemits gained 1.8% to 881K.

The NAHB Housing Market Index for January hit 72 vs est of 72. This continues a string of very strong readings, any reading above 50 is favorable.

Production: December Industrial Production was more than double the market expectations (0.9% vs est of 0.4%) and Capacity Utilization was very robust with a 77.9% reading. This was the highest reading in 3 years.

The Talking Fed: The Beige Book which collects data from the 12 Federal Reserve Districts - found that the economy continued to expand from late November, with the various Fed districts reporting "modest to moderate" gains while Dallas was the sole outlier, recording a "robust increase."  Overall, the report showed a very tight labor market with many saying that they could not find skilled workers. But they also said that for the most part, businesses are seeing wages pick up at only a "modest" pace.

Consumer Sentiment: The preliminary January University of Michigan's Consumer Sentiment Survey Index came in at 94.5 vs est of 97.0. But this number will be revised once more this month. What is interesting in the survey is that expectations of inflation rose in the one year and five year horizon.

What to Watch Out For This Week:


By Taff Weinstein at

Average Consumer Credit Score Increased in 2017

Average Consumer Credit Score Increased in 2017:

Experian's State of Credit 2017 Annual Report showed that the average Vantage Score was 675 in 2017, compared to 673 the year before and only four points from the 2007 average of 679.

Dig deeper into those credit score numbers, and there’s even more good news. For the first time, there are more Americans with very high scores (Super Prime) than very low scores (Deep Subprime). For example, in 2017, 22.3% of Americans had Vantage Scores between 781-850 – a 6% increase versus 2016, and an improvement compared to five years ago when only 19.8% were in that range. Last year, 21.2% were below 600 – versus 22.6% in 2016 and 26.9% in 2012.

The Experian report also found generational differences in change in credit scores and mortgage debt levels.

Millennials had an average score that was four points higher than the previous year. Although they have lowered overall average debt by 8%, the age group increased their mortgage debt by 6%. Experian said the increase is a positive sign for the generation.

Generation X has the highest mortgage debt of all generations. Experience also found that the age group has a high instance of late payments compared to the national average. Despite these, consumers in this generation have improved their credit scores in 2017, signaling better debt management.

Baby Boomers and the Silent Generation continue to carry a lot of mortgage debt. However, Experian found that Baby Boomers have the lowest late payment instance and members of the oldest generation keep other debts low and make payments on time.

Source: Experian

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -48 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move slightly higher for the week.

Overview:  We had very strong economic data (Retail Sales, CPI) and a very well received 30 year Treasury bond auction.  Both of which pressured long bond prices.  We also had news that Japan had decreased their balance sheet (aka a taper in bond purchases) and a news story (which China decried as a fake news) that China has been purchasing less U.S. debt (Treasury notes) and would decrease purchases further in 2018.  That signaled to bond traders that there may be less demand and also hurt our prices.

Retail Sales: Both Headline and Ex Autos showed a monthly growth rate of 0.4% in December which matched expectations. But the real story was the upward revisions to November. Headline was revised from 0.8% to 0.9% and Ex Autos was revised from 1.0% to 1.3% which is a very strong reading.

Inflation: December's Consumer Price Index report showed an upward movement in inflation. The closely watched Core YOY CPI moved from 1.7% to 1.8%. A small move but just one more tick closer to the 2.0% Fed target inflation rate which has been stubbornly evasive in this key data set. Producer Price Index YOY hit 3.0% vs est of 3.0%.

Treasury Auctions: We had very strong demand for our 30 year Treasury bond auction with indirect bids topping 70%. $12B went off at a high yield of 2.867% which is a very good rate considering that this time last year it was 2.914%.

Small Business Optimism: The NFIB Index hit 104.9 which is a slight pull back from November's reading of 107.5. However, November's reading was a 13 year high and this reading is one of the best that we have seen. So, this is still trending at very elevated levels.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: The November Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) show there are 5.9M jobs that are awaiting people with the proper job skills to fill them. This is a little lighter than market expectations but basically at the same pace as October.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Number of Renting Households Decline for the First Time Since 2004

Number of Renting Households Decline for the First Time Since 2004:

The 2017 Annual Rent Report prepared by ABODO showed that average Rents rose by 2.4% over the course of 2017.  And for the first time since 2004, the number of households that rent instead of own, dropped.

Citing Harvard University’s Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS), ABODO said more than a third of US households are renters, with about $43 million households renting across the US as of the middle of 2017.
ABODO said 2017 marked the first decline, although slight, of renting households in 13 years, citing a JCHS report. The number of renting households had been continuously increasing since 2004.

The decline in renting households in 2017 came as rents rose over the same period. At the end of 2017, one-bedrooms had a national median rent of $1,040, a 2.4% increase. Meanwhile, the national median rent for two-bedroom apartments was $1,252 in December, an increase of 3% from its level in January.

As rents rise, it strengthens demand for home sales as very low mortgage rates and unemployment levels make the cost of owning an appreciating asset far more attractive then throwing away monthly rent payments. 

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -19 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move slightly higher for the week.

Overview:  We had another holiday-shortened week with bond trading closed on Monday for New Years Day. Once again we had very strong economic data which did pressure MBS trades lower (higher mortgage rates) but this was mitigated by concern over a looming Government Shutdown (January 19th) and geo-political concerns overseas.

We got the survey data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics on Friday, you can read their official report here.

Here is the Tale of the Tape:
December Non Farm Payrolls  148K vs est of 190K.
November Non Farm Payrolls revised upward from 228K to 252K.
October Non Farm Payrolls revised downward from 244K to 211K.
The number that the bond market pays attention to is the rolling three month average and it is above 200K at 204K.

Average Hourly Wages for December had a monthly gain of 0.3% which matched expectations.
Average Hourly Wages YOY had a gain of 2.5% which also matched expectations.
The national average hourly wage is now $26.63.
The bond market is the most sensitive to this data set and it was right what the market expected.

The national Unemployment Rate remained at 4.1% for the 3rd straight month.
The Participation Rate remained at 6.7%.
This survey data is basically ignored by bond traders.

ISM Services:  The December reading hit 55.9 vs est of 57.6.  This data set was a miss but it is still above 55.0 which is very strong considering any reading above 50.0 is expansionary.

Manufacturing: The ISM Manufacturing Index for December was stronger than expected (59.7 vs est of 58.0) and is the 2nd highest reading since March of 2011. ISM Prices Paid (a key measure of future inflation expectations) jumped to 69.0 vs est of 65.0 and is one of the highest readings on record.

Factory Orders:  The November reading was stronger than expected (1.4% vs est of 1.1%) and October was revised upward significantly from -0.1% to +0.4%.

The Talking Fed: Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester (voting member) said she is "o.k" with "three or four" rate hikes next year based upon her economic expectations but will need to see how Tax Reform impacts growth.

We got the Minutes from their last FOMC meeting where they raised their Fed Fund Rate by 1/4 point and showed median expectations of at least 3 rate hikes in 2018. There really were not any "bombshells" in the Minutes as views were generally favorable towards economic growth and the need to flatten out the curve (between inflation and the fund rate, which requires raising the Fed fund rate).

Construction Spending: The November data showed a nice pick up of 0.8% which beat out estimates of 0.5%. However October was revised lower from 1.4% to 0.9%

What to Watch Out For This Week: 

By Taff Weinstein at

Pending Home Sales Better than Expected

Pending Home Sales Better than Expected:

Pending Home Sales in November (signed purchase contracts that are not yet closed) were much stronger than expected (+0.2% vs market expectations of -0.5%) on a month-over-month basis.

The Pending Home Sales Index, a forward-looking indicator based on contract signings, rose 0.2 percent to 109.5 in November from 109.3 in October. With last month’s increase, the index remains at its highest reading since June (110.0), and is now 0.8 percent above a year ago.

Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, says contract signings mustered a small gain in November and were up annually for the first time since June. “The housing market is closing the year on a stronger note than earlier this summer, backed by solid job creation and an economy that has kicked into a higher gear,” he said. “However, new buyers coming into the market are finding out quickly that their options are limited and competition is robust. Realtors® say many would-be buyers from earlier this year, stifled by tight supply and higher prices, are still trying to buy a home.”

“The strengthening economy, and expectation that more millennials will want to buy, serve as promising signs for solid home buying demand next year, while also putting additional pressure on inventory levels and affordability,” said Yun.
Source: National Association of Realtors

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) gained +43 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move slightly lower for the week.

Overview:  We had a holiday-shortened week with bond trading closed on Monday for Christmas and closed early on Friday for New Years.  We had very strong economic data that would normally pressure MBS (causing higher mortgage rates) but instead we saw some demand for long bonds as traders "parked" their money in safe, low return bonds over the holiday week and end of year which drove up MBS prices which pushed mortgage rates temporarily lower.

Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Initial Weekly Jobless Claims came in at 245K vs est of 240K and matched the prior week's 245K. The more closely watched 4 week moving average is still below 240K at 237,500.

Manufacturing: The December Chicago PMI (aka the "business barometer") was much higher than expected (67.6 vs est of 62.0) and is the highest reading of the year. In fact, its the highest reading in 6.5 years.

Trade Balance: Our trade deficit (importing more than exporting) jumped to $-69.7B vs est of $-67.7B, although our Exports did increase by 3.0%.

Taking it to the House: Pending Home Sales in November (signed contracts not yet closed) were much stronger than expected (+0.2% vs est of -0.5) on a MOM basis. The October Case-Shiller Home Price Index showed a YOY gain of 6.4% in their 20 metro city index. The median price from the Existing Homes report is a much better data set and gets more attention than this reading but still, it is yet another housing report showing steady appreciation.

Consumer Confidence: The December reading was lighter than expected (122.1 vs est of 128.0) however, it is still near a 17 year high and a very good reading.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

New Home Sales Skyrocket, Best in 10 Years

New Home Sales Skyrocket, Best in 10 Years:

Sales of Newly Built Single Family Residences surged by 17.5% in November and 26.6% higher than this time a year ago and reached a level not seen in over 10 years.

The sales pace hit 733,000 on an annualized basis (vs 579,000 this time in November 2016), which is a very large gain.

The big spike in sales comes with a large increase in sales price as the median sales price of new houses sold in November 2017 was $318,700. The average sales price was $377,100.

Just like Existing Home Sales, inventory is still a major concern as the seasonally-adjusted estimate of new houses for sale at the end of November was 283,000. This represents a supply of only 4.6 months at the current sales rate.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -51 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move higher for the week.

Overview:  Tax reform took center stage and as it moved forward with the voting process through the week, it pressured mortgage backed securities lower (higher rates).  We also had some very solid economic data which pressured MBS pricing as well.

Can Kicked: The Government will remain open until January 19th now.

GDP: The 3rd QTR GDP number was revised from 3.3% down to 3.2%. Its the third time that we have seen this data and has it been revised higher and then lower. Regardless, it remains above 3.0% which is a strong reading and is the highest reading since Q1 2015.

Tax Reform: The Tax Bill was officially passed by both the House and the Senate and was signed into law by our President on Friday.   The key for the bond markets and rates, is the macroeconomic impact of over 4 trillion dollars of cash moving back into the U.S. from overseas. Already we are getting some positive comments from some the largest U.S. corporations:

- ATT says it will give a $1,000 bonus to 200,000 of its workers AND will make $1 billion dollars in capital investments
- FedEx gave an upbeat earnings forecast for 2018, saying it expects to benefit from the tax overhaul.
- Fifth Third Bank says it will give a $1,000 bonus to 13,000 workers and will raise the minimum wage for its workers to $15 per hour

Durable Goods: While the headline number look like a miss, actually due to the upward revisions to the prior month, these were ok readings. Durable Good Orders for November were up by 1.3% vs est. of 2.0%. However, the miss was due to the fact that October was revised upward significantly from -1.2% to -0.4%. New Orders are now up 8.9% on a YOY basis which is pretty solid.

Personal Consumption: Spending is the highlight of this report as Personal Spending in November increased by 0.6%. Personal Income increased by 0.3%. The Fed's key measure of inflation, PCE YOY hit 1.8%, still below their target rate of 2.0%.

Consumer Sentiment: The University of Michigan's Final December Reading was revised from 96.8 to 95.9. Still a very lofty number historically.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Home Builder Optimism at Highest Level Since 1999

Home Builder Optimism at Highest Level Since 1999:

Builder confidence in the market for newly-built single-family homes increased five points to a level of 74 in December on the National Association of Home Builders Housing Market Index (HMI) which is the highest reported level since July 1999, over 18 years ago.

“Housing market conditions are improving partially because of new policies aimed at providing regulatory relief to the business community,” said NAHB Chairman Granger MacDonald, a home builder and developer from Kerrville, Texas.

“The HMI measure of home buyer traffic rose eight points, showing that demand for housing is on the rise,” said NAHB Chief Economist Robert Dietz. “With low unemployment rates, favorable demographics and a tight supply of existing home inventory, we can expect continued upward movement of the single-family construction sector next year.”

Derived from a monthly survey that NAHB has been conducting for 30 years, the NAHB Housing Market Index gauges builder perceptions of current single-family home sales and sales expectations for the next six months as “good,” “fair” or “poor.” The survey also asks builders to rate traffic of prospective buyers as “high to very high,” “average” or “low to very low.” Scores for each component are then used to calculate a seasonally adjusted index where any number over 50 indicates that more builders view conditions as good than poor.

All three HMI components registered gains in December. The component measuring buyer traffic jumped eight points to 58, the index gauging current sales conditions rose four points to 81 and the index charting sales expectations in the next six months increased three points to 79.

Looking at the three-month moving averages for regional HMI scores, the Midwest climbed six points to 69, the South rose three points to 72, the West increased two points to 79 and Northeast inched up a single point to 54.
Source: NAHB

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) lost -5 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move sideways for the week.

Overview:  We had another week of strong economic data (Retail Sales) and our Federal Reserve raised their key interest rate (they do not control mortgage rates) as well as upgraded their economic projections.  Mortgage backed securities were largely not impacted by the Fed action and had only a very small change for the week.

The Talking Fed:
As widely expected, the FOMC voted to increase their key Fed Fund Rate by 0.25% to a range of 1.25% to 1.50% which is still well below the "neutral" rate (when inflation are rates are equal).

It was a very interesting contrast where the majority of the economic outlook was stronger than expected while their expectations that it would take a "couple of years" for inflation to hit 2%.
The vote was 8-2 with Kashkari and Evans voting against it.  However, BOTH of those Fed members are non-voting members in 2018, so their influence is greatly minimized.

Here are some key take- aways from the Fed:
- median expectations for the Unemployment Rate in 2018 and 2019 is 3.9%
- median expectations for GDP in 2017 and 2018 is 2.5% and in 2019 its 2.1%
- Inflation expectations don't hit 2.0% until 2019
- leaves pace of reduction in MBS and Treasuries as-is.
- Yellen says tax reform would give economy a boost.
- dot plot chart shows 3 rate hikes in 2018

Retail Sales: This was a very strong report.  The Headline November reading showed a MOM gain of 0.8% which is almost three times higher than expectations of 0.3%. Actually its better than that considering that October was revised high from 0.2% to 0.5%. Ex- Autos the data was even better with a 1.0% gain vs est of 0.6%, plus October was revised upward from 0.1% to 0.4%.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

By Taff Weinstein at

Home Equity Gains, Underwater Mortgages Decline

Home Equity Gains, Underwater Mortgages Decline:

According to the newly released CoreLogic Q3 2017 Home Equity Analysis, homeowners with mortgages (roughly 63 percent of all homeowners) have collectively seen their equity increase 11.8 percent year over year, representing a gain of $870.6 billion since Q3 2016.

Additionally, homeowners gained an average of $14,888 in home equity between Q3 2016 and Q3 2017. Western states led the increase, while no state experienced a decrease. Washington homeowners gaining an average of approximately $40,000 in home equity and California homeowners gaining an average of approximately $37,000 in home equity.

“Homeowner equity increased by almost $871 billion over the last 12 months, the largest increase in more than three years,” said Dr. Frank Nothaft, chief economist for CoreLogic. “This increase is primarily a reflection of rising home prices, which drives up home values, leading to an increase in home equity positions and supporting consumer spending.”

Negative equity, often referred to as being “underwater” or “upside down,” applies to borrowers who owe more on their mortgages than their homes are worth. Negative equity can occur because of a decline in a home’s value, an increase in mortgage debt or both.

“While homeowner equity is rising nationally, there are wide disparities by geography,” said Frank Martell, president and CEO of CoreLogic. “Hot markets like San Francisco, Seattle and Denver boast very high levels of increased home equity. However, some markets are lagging behind due to weaker economies or lingering effects from the great recession. These include large markets such as Miami, Las Vegas and Chicago, but also many small- and medium-sized markets such as Scranton, Pa. and Akron, Ohio.”

Source: CoreLogic

What Happened to Rates Last Week?

Mortgage backed securities (FNMA 3.50 MBS) gained +18 basis points (BPS) from last Friday's close which caused fixed mortgage rates to move slightly lower for the week.

Overview:  The domestic economic data was strong but not strong enough to impact MBS trades as we were essentially in a holding pattern as the bond market was stuck in Tax Reform watch....waiting to see if the Bill would make it out of the reconciliation committee and if it does...how much different will it be from the original Senate/House versions?

Domestic Flavor:
Jobs, Jobs, Jobs: Big Jobs Friday!  You can read the official release from the Bureau of Labor Statistics here.
Tale of the Tape:
November Non-Farm Payrolls 228K vs est that were in the 190K to 200K range.
October NFP was revised lower from 261K down to 244K
September NFP was revised from 18K to 38K
NFP Rolling 3 month average is now 170K which is a good level and is an improvement over last month's 3 month rolling average pace of 162K.
Average Hourly Wages increased on a month-over-month basis by 0.2% and is now $26.55 per hour.  The market was expecting a 0.3% increase.
Average Hourly Wages YOY moved from a 2.4% pace in October to a 2.5% pace in November.
We had a rare increase in Average Hourly Wages from being stuck at 34.4 for several months up to 34.5 hours.  Usually an uptick in hours worked is a precursor to wage increases.
Employment: The Unemployment Rate remained unchanged at 4.1%.  However, for the first time on record, the manufacturing sector fell below 3.0% (2.6%).
The Participation Rate remained at 62.7%

LinkedIn showed that hiring in November showed a 26% increase YOY. U.S. hiring has been 10.4 percent higher in 2017 than in 2016. LinkedIn's report is compiled from its 143 million user profiles in the U.S., 20,000 company profiles and 3 million monthly job postings.

Consumer Confidence:  The preliminary December University of Michigan reading hit 96.8 which is a very strong reading but below expectations of 98.8, it will be revised in 2 weeks.

Can Kicked:  The House and Senate voted to extend everything until December 22nd.

ISM Services: The November reading was lighter than market expectations (57.4 vs est of 59.0) and a pull back from October's crazy hot reading of 60.1. But any reading above 50.0 shows monthly expansion and a reading above 55.0 is still very robust.

What to Watch Out For This Week:

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